Geography of Warsaw

 

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geography of warsaw
Warsaw lies on the Great European Plain stretching from Ural Mountains in Russia to Atlantic Ocean coast in France. Polish part of this unit is called Mazovia-Podlasie Lowland. The most precise geographical name for this location would be Warsaw Valley on the banks of Vistula river. Vistula is the longest river in Poland.


Warsaw lies on the Great European Plain stretching from Ural Mountains in Russia to Atlantic Ocean coast in France. Polish part of this unit is called Mazovia-Podlasie Lowland. The most precise geographical name for this location would be Warsaw Valley on the banks of Vistula river. Vistula is the longest river in Poland.

Climate type of this area is moderate one with dual element of maritime and continental climate. It is the area where humid Atlantic air collides with the dry air that blows from the Eurasian interior. This makes the weather in Warsaw pretty unpredictable. Generally summers are pretty warm and winters pretty cold with annual average temperature of +8 degrees. There are no natural barriers around Warsaw, therefore smog is very rare phenomenon here. However same fact was always disadvantageous throughout history because made military defense of the city very difficult. What is interesting, Warsaw has many forest areas in its neighborhood including one national park – Kampinoski National Park covering big part of the Kampinoska Woodland.

Warsaw is the biggest city in Poland in terms of population which is currently 1,720,000. City spreads over an area of 517 km2. Thousands of people from suburbs come every day to work, so actual number of people staying within the city borders is much more over 2 million. Warsaw is important industrial centre in Poland, second biggest after Upper Silesian conurbation formed around Katowice. It is the centre of the electrical, electronics, chemical, mechanical, metal, fuel, iron and food industries. Electricity generation is also an important industry here.

Most of the factories have been recently modernized and located outside the city center for ecological reasons. Most important industrial blocs include Warsaw Ironworks, car factory Zeran, chocolate maker E. Wedel, Pollena Cosmetics. Amongst service industries most important roles are played by trading and repair businesses, real estate management and financial services.





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