Modlin Fortress travel guide


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Modlin Fortress
Modlin Fortress is situated 35 km from Warsaw. Fortress was built for Napoleon Bonaparte in 1807 – 1812. It was defended for the first time in 1813 by Polish and French soldiers against Russians. From the upper floor more distant targets could be shot at while the bottom floor protected the access to the moat. During the period of partitions, Russians enlarged the earth-and-brick fortifications.

Before World War 1 they built several forts of the outer defence ring. In 1939 five bunkers of reinforced concrete were built. The last defence of Modlin, commanded by General Wiktor Thommee took place in 1939. The fight against the German invaders lasted from 11 September until capitulation on 29th September. 1700 Polish soldiers were killed. The battle of 1939 is commemorated by two monuments. Today the Modlin Fortress is a monument of military engineering.

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