Treblinka Concentration Camp Museum Struggle and Martyrdom

 

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Zegrzynski Lake
Two concentration camps were established here by Nazis: first called Treblinka in 1941 and Treblinka II in 1942. Camps were located approximately 100 km from Warsaw. Treblinka I was a penal labour camp which functioned until 1944. Approximately 7000 people died here from slave labour and in executions. Majority of them were Poles from the Warsaw District. In 1964 a monument was unveiled here and a symbolic cemetery arranged.


People brought to Treblinka II were taken off the trains and herded, without even being registered, to the gas chambers. Around 800,000 people, mainly Jews from Poland and nine other countries of Europe, were killed here in 1942 – 1943. The first transport of prisoners arrived here on 23rd July 1942 from the Warsaw Ghetto. Amongst the victims was famous writer Janusz Korczak. An impressive monument was unveiled at the site of gas chambers in 1964 surrounded by cemetery of 17,000 rocks. Today, the Treblinka Museum of Struggle and Martyrdom stands here as a reminder of the cruel events from World War 2 period.



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